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Absolute and Accurate Poverty Eradication Project of Three Southern Border Provinces

 27 เม.ย. 2565 15:16 น. | อ่าน 154
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          The problem on poverty has been occurred in Thai society for long peiod causing economical deficiency and insecurity in individual level leading to suffering in living as well as the lack of opportunities to develop quality of life in various dimensions affecting to national development eventually. As a result, it is necessary to accelerate the solution to relive the problem on proverty in Thai society in order to enable Thai people to develop quality of life in other dimensions further.

Overview of Poor People in Thailand

          Based on data from TPMAP (Thai People Map and Analytic Platform) of the Ministry of Digital Economy and Society that is Big Data on populations regarding “targeted poor people”, it reveals that poor people can be currently classified into 4 groups including:

  • First Group – 36 million persons who are surveyed based on Open Government Data of Thailand;
  • Second Group – 4.4 million persons who are distinguished by using Multidimensional Poverty Index or MPI) of United Nation;
  • Third Group -  1.03 million “targeted poor poeple” who are registered in State Welfare Registration; and
  • Fourth Group – 114.4 million persons who are registred in State Welfare Registration.

          Below figure represents “Poor People” Project in Thailand.

          Big Data from TPMAP helps to answer 3 most important questions of related agencies, i.e., 1) “Where are poor people?”; 2) “What are problems of poor people?”; and 3) “How to help these poor people to be free from poverty?”.

Poverty in Southern Border Provinces

          Based on Big Data from TPMAP, it represents that southern border provinces like Yala, Pattani, and Narathiwat, have high proportion of “targeted poor people” compared to other provinces in Thailand. (Mean of targeted poor people is 2.67%).

          The following table represents data on poverty in 3 southern border provinces.

          Remarks : There are more than 1 problem per poor person.

An Effort to Solve Problem on Poverty in Southern Border Provinces

          There were several researches, for example, the research on “Economy and Development in Southern Border Provinces” conducted by Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of  Social Sciences, Kasetsat University, revealed that “poverty and underdevelopment” was one of important causes of insurgency in southern border provinces.

          However, government agencies have realized on this problem therefore guidelines and strategies for solving this problem have been developed continuously during these decades. Importantly, there are also several royal initiated projects that have been developed to solve this problem. This development causes many changes on improvement of quality of life of local people in southern border provinces.

Targeted Problem Solving Based on Big Data

          From huge advancement of digital technology during these decades, Thai government assigns the Ministry of Digital Economy and Society to cooperate with National Economics and Social Development Council (NESDC), and National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC) to develop Big Data system of Thai government for using as basic data of related agencies in solving problem on poverty absolutely and accurately.

Pioneer of Cooperation between SBPAC and Local Academy in Southern Border Provinces

          Southern Border Provinces Administration Center (SBPAC) that is the major agency for developing and improving quality of life of local people in southern border provinces cooperates with Research and Innovation Center Princess of Naradhiwas University (PNU) that is a local academy to research and develop models and innovations to eliminate poverty in Narathiwat areas absolutely and accurately.

          Besides cooperation between SBPAC and PNU, there are also 21 network agencies for integrating and pioneering cooperation covering all organizational dimensions to help poor households in Narathiwat to learn and develop their skills and quality of life by improving conditions that are necessary for living and supporting income generation or increasing leading to sustainable self-reliance.

          In the near future, SBPAC will expand performance to other provinces of southern border provinces under integrating cooperation with local academies and related agencies in order to reduce poverty level in southern border provinces that is highly significant for reducing insurgency in southern border provinces.

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