The first Key Success Factor to perform anything in this world concretely is “goal setting” because goal setting will to evaluate how far we are from our goal. When we have already known how far we are , we will be able to plan our way to our future goal efficiently.
If such goal is developing peace in southern border proinces society to reach an appropciate level sustainably. Referring people and related sectors they must ask themselves to define the definition of the phase, “peace in appropriate level sustainably”, which level it is at present time, and how to step forward to or develop to “peaceful and multicultural society sustainably” as demanded.
To find those answers systematically, this research was conducted under the title of “Development Model of the Lower Southern Part (3 Southern Border Provinces)”.
This research is emphasized on studying 2 issues including: 1) What are demands of local people under the strategy on development of social and economic landscape in the future; and 2) how development model of the southern part (3 southern border provinces) under the strategy on development of social and economic landscape in the future as sustainable development would be.
The beginning to find the answers of the above questions must start from directly affected persons, i.e., “people” including local people, community organizations, civil society, community leaders, religious leaders, and businessmen. Answers can be found through an in-depth interview with 144 targeted interviewees (qualitative research) and questionnaires responded by 400 samples (quantitative research). Data obtained from an in-depth interview and questionnaires were analyzed based on statistical principles in order to find The answers.
From interviewing, it was found that people in 3 southern border provinces emphasized on peaceful and pleasant co-existence with pride on cultural identity, leaders who paid attention to people, educational management system focusing on juveniles, preservation of religions, drug free, good quality of life, good urban environment, security in life and assets. Development under policies and plans of the government must be consistent with demands of local people with good understanding between government officers and people.
Details of above demands may be different to some extent based on social landscape of each province (Yala, Pattani, and Narathiwat).
To respond to those demands, it is required to emphasize on environmental adjustment for better living in order to obtain good and safe landscape for daily living and becoming the cities of education, tourism, and culture of Islam.
From analyzing data obtained from questionnaires, it was found that people emphasized on development of quality of life more than security in life and assets whereas society or community must have unity, pleasant coexistence, and love in royal institution, nation, and religions. People must ask the government to build confidence on supporting system of public sector’s development and security system of people.
To respond to the above demands, it is necessary to emphasize on self-reliance and development must follow procedures with simplicity and thriftiness, social landscape, promotion of new and appropriate knowledge and academic techniques, and immediate problem solving, respectively. To make development as mentioned above to be sustainable, conservation and development of natural resources must be emphasized.
It must be consistent with characteristics of social landscape of each area. Importantly, there must be human resources development, environmental development, and economic development based on pleasant co-existence in multicultural context.
From conclusion of research results, it was found that model for driving society of southern border provinces to become “peaceful and multicultural society for sustainable development” (as shown in the figure) must emphasize on “development of quality of life” and “security in life and assets” performed by government sector but it must be consistent with demands of local people.
Development of quality of life and security in life and assets can be built by building safe environment in new format, cultural independence under government laws, co-existence in the form of multicultural society, new development style to improve quality to improve life, being the hub of religions and education, identity and cultural tourism, and building good understanding between government officers and local people.
The important principle to build security in life and assets is to emphasize on environmental conservation and promotion of self-reliance development that follow procedures with emphasis on simplicity and thriftiness and be consistent with social landscape.
Development under the above guidelines will lead to peaceful, sustainable, and multicultural society and that is consistent with specific physical characteristics of the area and local problems in order to make local people and related persons have the concept on generating immunity of their society to become “peaceful society under multicultural beauty for sustainable development”.
Making a society to meet with demanded model in the future, it is required to know the current position of such society compared to demanded things in the future. To find such answer, systematic research is required
To build peaceful and multicultural society that can be developed to sustainability, the research on “Development Model of the Lower Southern Part (3 Southern Border Provinces)” was applied to find the systematic guidelines for leading to demanded condition and such guidelines was “model for driving to peaceful and multicultural society for sustainable development” that can be used by related persons in all sectors as the tool for creating “peaceful and multicultural society for sustainable development.”