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Inheriting Ronggeng Dance, the local musical identity of Southern-border provinces

 31 ส.ค. 2563 13:37 น. | อ่าน 1312
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Local music of southern-border provinces or Ronggeng Dance is a musical performance together with dances without lyrics. It is the combination of various kinds of music including wind, string, brass and percussion instruments. Some are universal musical instruments due to influence from Spanish and Portuguese people, performing in Malay Peninsula when there was trading in the past, mixed with local instruments. With sense of Malay, it becomes another identity of southern-border provinces. Ronggeng in cultural context of Pattani is a royal Ronggeng, performed to welcome the state guests.

In the past, local Ronggeng had more than 200 songs, but they disappeared and there are only 14-15 songs at present. However, inheriting this valuable arts and cultures is not required for specifying an heir or that it must be reserved for only people with the same religion. Kader Vadeng, the master of local music and the national artist in field of local musical performing arts in 1993, transmitted these know-hows to those interested in inheriting this majestic arts and culture for our descendants.

The sound of music is borderless

Sarasit Ninchaisi, a local wisdom teacher and one of disciples of Master Kader Vadeng, succeeded this determination by teaching local music for interested persons and extending the local music of southern-border provinces or Ronggeng to be widely renowned. Sarasit was born in Bangkok but moved to Pattani Province in 1991. Hearing the music of Master Kader through performance at a radio station of PSU every day, which was the beautiful sound of violin, he looked for the player until he met Master Kader one day. He had a chance to join activities at the central stadium and they talked to each other all along.

Later, in 2001, SBPAC, Princess Galyani Vadhana Institute of Music and PSU Pattani Campus jointly organized a local music study program. Mr. Sarasit thus applied for this training program for 3 months and he studied about every musical instrument for Ronggeng Dance including western instruments such as Violin, Mandolin and Accordion, to proceed with the main rhythm and eastern instruments i.e. one-sided drum, Malay Gong and Maraca, used to keep strokes.

Inheritance of determination to new-generation people

Mr. Sarasit learned from Master Kader through instruction methods of a traditional master that he had to listen, memorize, record sound and practice after the master. He had an opportunity to be instructed by Master Seng Abu, who could remember traditional local songs. Master Seng Abu, a senior master, was a member in Eramaaslee- Ronggeng Band of Master Kader. At present, there are 2 Ronggeng bands in Pattani Province including Eramaaslee Band of Master Kader with an inheritor as the son of Master Kader, who intends to succeed knowledge of his father, and Ronggeng band of Master Sarasit in the name of Permudaaslee Band.

Currently, there are few Ronggeng bands of the professionals, and each band tries to transmit knowledge to new-generation persons by using the principles of universal musical notes to teach them for easier understanding. This is an opportunity for interested persons, children and new-generation youths to learn and finally, Ronggeng band of children and youths are formed in schools and communities such as Anorbulan Band etc. There are 14 popular songs, which are traditional, and played with dancing. This focuses on maintaining Malay rhythms and tones, which are art and cultural identity of southern-border provinces.

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