From information of the Office of the Royal Society, the term “Eid” (Trut) comes from Sanskrit word “Truta” meaning broken or torn. So, it means breaking off the old year to welcome new year. At present, the term “Trut” is used as a festival or a period for traditional festival, which normally connects with philosophies, beliefs and religions of each group. For example, Chinese Trut is a celebration during Chinese New Year Day, while Western Trut is the celebration for the birthday of Jesus Christ. Songkran Trut is the New Year Eve of Thai people while Muslim People have Eid Days according to the Islamic principles also.
Eid Day is a celebration day in Islam. There are 2 Eid Days in each year including Aidilfitri Day, which is call Hari Raya Puasa in Pattani Malay, and called as Small Eid Day among central Muslim. The 1st Day of Shawwal is a celebration day after fasting in Ramadan. People will do prayers at Masjid, and anyone that is prosperous may donate money to children and the elderly persons and give apologies to relatives once violating each other. Another Eid Day is Eid-al Adha, which is called Hari Raya Hayi in Pattani Malay and Big Eid Day among central Muslims on the 10th date of Sul Hijya. The activities are similar to Aidilfitri Day, but animal’s life will be sacrificed for Allah (Kurban). Such animal can be a goat, sheep, cow or camel etc.
The term “Raya” in Malay means festival. It is not only used to call a celebration date according to the Islamic principle like Hari Raya, but it is also used extensively in every religion such as Chinese New Year called Rayojinae. Furthermore, among people in the 3 southern-border provinces, there is a word that has been with the society for century, and it is “Raya Nae” or “Raya Hok” meaning a training and way of practice only for Muslim People in the southern-border provinces. It has been practiced from the past without identifying in the Islam. After fasting in Ramadan, there will be celebration on Raya Aidilfitri Day for a day. Islam promotes fasting for another 6 days to compensate fasting or Puasa, short in Ramadan, or fasting for more 6 days in Shawwal because it is equal to 1 year of fasting.
Practically, when Aidilfitri Day comes, the villagers will make little amount of food and sweets because most of them spend time with visiting relatives and welcome guests or visitors. On following day, the villagers will do fasting for 6 days in Shawwal Month consecutively. Making too much food and sweet will make them rotten for nothing. So, it is the way of practices that has been inherited. When 6 days of fasting end, Thai Muslim people will take this chance to celebrate “Raya Nae Day” again by making merits with the ancestors at Kubor in the villages.
Not forgetting roots of the past and guidelines of religion will help us to create the connection, harmony and peace in mind. Visiting Kubor or the ancestor’s cemetery will render the Muslim people to recollect death and remind ourselves that one day, we will be here. Forcing our mind to abstain from sins is what the religion promotes us to practice at any time. However, Aidilfitri Day of Muslim People in southern-border provinces is mostly spent with visiting relatives and welcoming visitors. Therefore, Raya Nae Day is the day to meet relatives once a year. Relatives that stay in different areas domestically and internationally will return home to visit the late ancestors. They will meet relatives and neighbors and enjoy meal together, and it is a way to maintain bonds that has been practices for hundreds of years.
Raya Nae Day in each year starts with entertainment from the morning at cemeteries in southern-border provinces that you can see cars and motorcycles parking along the route. Each Kubor is filled with people provided that men are in Kubor area while women prepare food at a parlor beside Kubor. Each family will bring cleaning equipment such as a hoe, big knife, lawn mower to the cemetery and jointly clean the grave of their ancestor. After that, they will read Quran in remembrance of Allah at the grave of their ancestor. Furthermore, they help cleaning together and developing areas around Kubor such as removing weeds, preparing food, snacks and drinks for people who help cleaning Kubor. The day ends with Dua which is to implore or ask blessings from Allah for the deceased.